/Projects/LC meter with PIC16F628A - redux

I needed a good LC meter for my one of my next projects so I went and built the famous LC meter by Phil Rice. This LC meter design is pretty old but since it is a perfectly good device there was no need to design/build/debug one of my own. So, I just changed the original firmware a bit and added few electronic goodies to it to make it more compact.

UPDATE: Project is on HackedGadgets, ...and now also on Hack-a-Day!

P9150069
Measuring a 1200uH (122) coil from Coilcraft

P9010036
LC meter - SMD

Power Supply
I wanted to fit it in this project box that I had laying around for some time and I also wanted it to be battery powered. There was no way that I could fit 9V battery in this project box along side with all the electronics, so I figured I could add a tiny 3.6V Li-Ion battery that I also had... laying around.

P9010032
Tiny Li-Ion battery

It is a 135mAh one from a broken Bluetooth headset. After having no luck in finding the appropriate 2x16 or 1x16 LCD that works at 3.6V I decided to incorporate a 5V voltage booster that will do the trick. For this purpose I selected TPS61222 power booster from Texas Instruments. This little (extremely little) device is very good and it requires just a coil and two capacitors to operate.

P9010029
TPS61222 - the smallest IC in the center of the picture and MAX1811 on the right

Now, because there is a Li-Ion battery in the device I needed a way to charge it properly. This is done by MAX1811 Li-Ion charger IC from Maxim. Later on, by placing a small USB connector on board, all power supply & charging problems were solved.

P9010040
USB connector for charging the Li-Ion battery

P9010055
Charger (USB) connected - GREEN, Charging battery - RED

Firmware modifications
No critical firmware modifications were made. All calculations are performed as they were in the original firmware. Only a few small changes were made such as: PORTB pinout re-arranged for LCD display, second line of display constantly shows oscillator frequency, LC meter is automatically re-calibrated ("zeroed") when switching from L to C and the other way around.

Zeroing the meter
This meter has a strange "zeroing" function. After turning it on it is necessary to "zero" it by resetting the microcontroller. It seams that it is not the same when you turn the device off and back on for less than a second and resetting the PIC. Why this happens - it is still a question mark above my head. I noticed this phenomenon after building the device and obviously I didn't plan to put a "zero" button on the front panel. This was fixed by modifying the firmware in a way that re-calibration is executed after changing the measurement mode from L<->C and C<->L but with a small delay, of ~700ms after flipping the mode-switch. The re-calibration is actually a program reset - it starts from the beginning just as if it was reset by hardware. This "zeroes" the meter almost identically as it is "zeroed" by hardware microcontroller reset, so it is all good.

P9010050
Measuring unknown inductance 1 (frequency hidden)

P9010051
Measuring unknown inductance 2 (frequency hidden)

P9010052
Measuring a 100nF capacitor (frequency hidden) - this was when it wasn't calibrated properly

P9010028
Bottom PCB side

Schematics & firmware
Schematic diagram is identical to the original one, I only added MAX1811 and TPS61222. The SCH and PCB (Eagle Layout) can be downloaded below (the red download button). Modified firmware can also be downloaded from here if you wish to build this Li-Ion battery powered version (firmware is written in assembler).

shemaextra
Addition to original schematics: MAX1811 i TPS61222

Original LC meter sources
- http://sites.google.com/site/vk3bhr/home/index2-html
- http://www.marc.org.au/index.html
- http://ironbark.bendigo.latrobe.edu.au/~rice/lc/index2.html

Author (sent by): Trax

Download counter: 7,279

Rating: (2.96, votes 3414)

Vote:

Date: 16-09-2011

Lokalna verzija ove stranice: LC metar sa PIC16F628A

807_lc_meter.rar

Bookmark and Share Comments (27)

Buy original and new electronic components, go to Allchips electronic components supply chain

comment [7]

I have one question according to MAX1811. What will happen with your green LED when the device is ON but it is not plugged to USB - when is battery operated? The LED is ON or OFF? thanks
IP: 85.237.227.41

comment [6]

@John - sure, no problem.
IP: n/a

comment [5]

This is very good example. Can I link your information to my website a href="http://www.basic-electronics-tutorials.com"
IP: 124.13.222.89

comment [4]

Sve je sa ebay (uglavnom sve). Neke sam skinuo sa nekih starih ploča...
IP: n/a

comment [3]

jesi li ove smd komponete narucivao, ako da gdje...mozda digi-key...
IP: n/a

comment [2]

This LC meter has an auto-calibration option. Before turning it on the clips must be shorted together when in "L" mode, or open when in "C" mode. Read the article of the original project from Phil Rice. The casing is for a hand held device and it is from company: http://www.pactecenclosures.com/
IP: n/a

comment [1]

It is a pretty cool device, very useful, too. I wonder if there's a specific procedure for calibration you can recommend? You're mentioning calibration in the post but I could not find any specifics. Also, great choice of the project case! This one seems specifically designed for handheld devices. It's just the right size to feet into the palm of a hand. Do you remember where you got one by any chance? Cheers!
IP: 71.185.57.127


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